One in nine has diabetes and unhealthy lifestyle a major factor.
The rate goes up to three in 10 for those aged 60 and above. Another worrying trend: The prevalence of diabetes among the younger ones are also on the rise too.
It was once a disease associated with the elderly, but now 20 percent of those diabetes are under 40. Some, less than 16 years of age are diagnosed as Type 2 diabetes in the paediatric department.
There are two kinds of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.
In Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas can produce insulin but the body is resistant to it. It is often associated with being overweight. Different from Type 1 diabetes, where the pancreas is unable to make sufficient insulin.
Both scenarios lead to a rising glucose level in the blood, which paves the way to pre-diabetes, then diabetes.
Insulin helps bring down blood sugar levels to normal whenever we have a meal. As the carbohydrates we eat are digested into simple sugars, blood sugar levels rise in the blood, but this usually returns to normal in people without diabetes.
However, people with diabetes are unable to do this properly and hence have high blood sugar levels that result in complications associated with diabetes.
Usually, Type 1 diabetes presents more acutely, with the child being very sick as they go into diabetic ketoacidosis, when toxin builds up in the body. It can strike at a young age, in fact some babies get diabetes soon after they are born and we call that neonatal diabetes.
For tips on eating habits and cure diabetes naturally, Check Out Delicious – the ultimate Diabetic Cookbook.